A Retinal examination-sometimes called ophthalmoscopy or funduscopy - allows your doctor to evaluate the back of your eye, including the retina, the optic disk and the underlying layer of blood vessels that nourish the retina. Usually, before your doctor can see these structures, your pupils must be dilated with eye drops that keep the pupil from getting smaller when your doctor shines light into the eye.
Direct Exam:- Your eye doctor uses an ophthalmoscope to shine a beam of light through your pupil to see the back of the eye. Sometimes eyedrops aren't necessary to dilate your eyes before this exam.
Indirect Exam:- During this exam, your might lie down, recline in a chair or situp. Your eye doctor examines the inside of the eye with the aid of a condensing lens and bright light mounted on his or her forehead. This exam lets your doctor see the retina and other structures inside your eye in great detail and in three dimensions